Citing IPython

If IPython has been significant to a project that leads to an academic publication, please acknowledge that fact by citing the project. As of now, the canonical academic reference for IPython is this paper, for which here are both a BibTex and a plaintext reference you can use:

  Author    = {P\'erez, Fernando and Granger, Brian E.},
  Title     = {{IP}ython: a System for Interactive Scientific Computing},
  Journal   = {Computing in Science and Engineering},
  Volume    = {9},
  Number    = {3},
  Pages     = {21--29},
  month     = may,
  year      = 2007,
  url       = "",
  ISSN      = "1521-9615",
  doi       = {10.1109/MCSE.2007.53},
  publisher = {IEEE Computer Society},

or in plaintext:

Fernando Pérez, Brian E. Granger, IPython: A System for Interactive Scientific Computing, Computing in Science and Engineering, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 21-29, May/June 2007, doi:10.1109/MCSE.2007.53. URL:

Thank you!