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Module: utils.pickleshare

PickleShare - a small ‘shelve’ like datastore with concurrency support

Like shelve, a PickleShareDB object acts like a normal dictionary. Unlike shelve, many processes can access the database simultaneously. Changing a value in database is immediately visible to other processes accessing the same database.

Concurrency is possible because the values are stored in separate files. Hence the “database” is a directory where all files are governed by PickleShare.

Example usage:

from pickleshare import *
db = PickleShareDB('~/testpickleshare')
print "Should be empty:",db.items()
db['hello'] = 15
db['aku ankka'] = [1,2,313]
db['paths/are/ok/key'] = [1,(5,46)]
print db.keys()
del db['aku ankka']

This module is certainly not ZODB, but can be used for low-load (non-mission-critical) situations where tiny code size trumps the advanced features of a “real” object database.

Installation guide: easy_install pickleshare

Author: Ville Vainio <vivainio@gmail.com> License: MIT open source license.

2 Classes

class IPython.utils.pickleshare.PickleShareDB(root)

Bases: _abcoll.MutableMapping

The main ‘connection’ object for PickleShare database


Return a db object that will manage the specied directory

Get a convenient link for accessing items


Compress category ‘hashroot’, so hset is fast again

hget will fail if fast_only is True for compressed items (that were hset before hcompress).


Get all data contained in hashed category ‘hashroot’ as dict

hget(hashroot, key, default=<object object>, fast_only=True)

hashed get

hset(hashroot, key, value)

hashed set


All keys in DB, or all keys matching a glob


Removes all, or specified items from cache

Use this after reading a large amount of large objects to free up memory, when you won’t be needing the objects for a while.

waitget(key, maxwaittime=60)

Wait (poll) for a key to get a value

Will wait for maxwaittime seconds before raising a KeyError. The call exits normally if the key field in db gets a value within the timeout period.

Use this for synchronizing different processes or for ensuring that an unfortunately timed “db[‘key’] = newvalue” operation in another process (which causes all ‘get’ operation to cause a KeyError for the duration of pickling) won’t screw up your program logic.

A shortdand for accessing nested PickleShare data conveniently.

Created through PickleShareDB.getlink(), example:

lnk = db.getlink('myobjects/test')
lnk.foo = 2
lnk.bar = lnk.foo + 5
__init__(db, keydir)

2 Functions