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Module: core.magic

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This documentation is for a development version of IPython. There may be significant differences from the latest stable release.

Module: core.magic_arguments

A decorator-based method of constructing IPython magics with argparse option handling.

New magic functions can be defined like so:

from IPython.core.magic_arguments import (argument, magic_arguments,
    parse_argstring)

@magic_arguments()
@argument('-o', '--option', help='An optional argument.')
@argument('arg', type=int, help='An integer positional argument.')
def magic_cool(self, arg):
    """ A really cool magic command.

"""
    args = parse_argstring(magic_cool, arg)
    ...

The @magic_arguments decorator marks the function as having argparse arguments. The @argument decorator adds an argument using the same syntax as argparse’s add_argument() method. More sophisticated uses may also require the @argument_group or @kwds decorator to customize the formatting and the parsing.

Help text for the magic is automatically generated from the docstring and the arguments:

In[1]: %cool?
    %cool [-o OPTION] arg
    
    A really cool magic command.
    
    positional arguments:
      arg                   An integer positional argument.
    
    optional arguments:
      -o OPTION, --option OPTION
                            An optional argument.

Inheritance diagram:

Inheritance diagram of IPython.core.magic_arguments

8 Classes

class IPython.core.magic_arguments.MagicArgumentParser(prog=None, usage=None, description=None, epilog=None, parents=None, formatter_class=<class 'IPython.core.magic_arguments.MagicHelpFormatter'>, prefix_chars='-', argument_default=None, conflict_handler='error', add_help=False)

Bases: argparse.ArgumentParser

An ArgumentParser tweaked for use by IPython magics.

__init__(prog=None, usage=None, description=None, epilog=None, parents=None, formatter_class=<class 'IPython.core.magic_arguments.MagicHelpFormatter'>, prefix_chars='-', argument_default=None, conflict_handler='error', add_help=False)
error(message)

Raise a catchable error instead of exiting.

parse_argstring(argstring)

Split a string into an argument list and parse that argument list.

class IPython.core.magic_arguments.ArgDecorator

Bases: object

Base class for decorators to add ArgumentParser information to a method.

add_to_parser(parser, group)

Add this object’s information to the parser, if necessary.

class IPython.core.magic_arguments.magic_arguments(name=None)

Bases: IPython.core.magic_arguments.ArgDecorator

Mark the magic as having argparse arguments and possibly adjust the name.

__init__(name=None)
class IPython.core.magic_arguments.ArgMethodWrapper(*args, **kwds)

Bases: IPython.core.magic_arguments.ArgDecorator

Base class to define a wrapper for ArgumentParser method.

Child class must define either _method_name or add_to_parser.

__init__(*args, **kwds)
add_to_parser(parser, group)

Add this object’s information to the parser.

class IPython.core.magic_arguments.argument(*args, **kwds)

Bases: IPython.core.magic_arguments.ArgMethodWrapper

Store arguments and keywords to pass to add_argument().

Instances also serve to decorate command methods.

class IPython.core.magic_arguments.defaults(*args, **kwds)

Bases: IPython.core.magic_arguments.ArgMethodWrapper

Store arguments and keywords to pass to set_defaults().

Instances also serve to decorate command methods.

class IPython.core.magic_arguments.argument_group(*args, **kwds)

Bases: IPython.core.magic_arguments.ArgMethodWrapper

Store arguments and keywords to pass to add_argument_group().

Instances also serve to decorate command methods.

add_to_parser(parser, group)

Add this object’s information to the parser.

class IPython.core.magic_arguments.kwds(**kwds)

Bases: IPython.core.magic_arguments.ArgDecorator

Provide other keywords to the sub-parser constructor.

__init__(**kwds)

3 Functions

IPython.core.magic_arguments.construct_parser(magic_func)

Construct an argument parser using the function decorations.

IPython.core.magic_arguments.parse_argstring(magic_func, argstring)

Parse the string of arguments for the given magic function.

IPython.core.magic_arguments.real_name(magic_func)

Find the real name of the magic.