IPython Documentation

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This documentation is for an old version of IPython. You can find docs for newer versions here.

Integrating your objects with IPython

Tab completion

To change the attributes displayed by tab-completing your object, define a __dir__(self) method for it. For more details, see the documentation of the built-in dir() function.

Rich display

The notebook and the Qt console can display richer representations of objects. To use this, you can define any of a number of _repr_*_() methods. Note that these are surrounded by single, not double underscores.

Both the notebook and the Qt console can display svg, png and jpeg representations. The notebook can also display html, javascript, and latex. If the methods don’t exist, or return None, it falls back to a standard repr().

For example:

class Shout(object):
    def __init__(self, text):
        self.text = text

    def _repr_html_(self):
        return "<h1>" + self.text + "</h1>"

Custom exception tracebacks

Rarely, you might want to display a different traceback with an exception - IPython’s own parallel computing framework does this to display errors from the engines. To do this, define a _render_traceback_(self) method which returns a list of strings, each containing one line of the traceback.

Please be conservative in using this feature; by replacing the default traceback you may hide important information from the user.