IO related utilities.
Term holds the file or file-like objects for handling I/O operations.
These are normally just sys.stdin, sys.stdout and sys.stderr but for Windows they can can replaced to allow editing the strings before they are displayed.
A class to duplicate an output stream to stdout/err.
This works in a manner very similar to the Unix ‘tee’ command.
When the object is closed or deleted, it closes the original file given to it for duplication.
Construct a new Tee object.
file_or_name : filename or open filehandle (writable)
mode : optional, valid mode for open().
channel : str, one of [‘stdout’, ‘stderr’]
Close the file and restore the channel.
Flush both channels.
Write data to both channels.
Asks a question and returns a boolean (y/n) answer.
If default is given (one of ‘y’,’n’), it is used if the user input is empty. If interrupt is given (one of ‘y’,’n’), it is used if the user presses Ctrl-C. Otherwise the question is repeated until an answer is given.
An EOF is treated as the default answer. If there is no default, an exception is raised to prevent infinite loops.
Valid answers are: y/yes/n/no (match is not case sensitive).
Make a temporary python file, return filename and filehandle.
src : string or list of strings (no need for ending newlines if list)
ext : optional, string
(filename, open filehandle)
Context manager to write to a file only if the entire write is successful.
This works by creating a temporary file in the same directory, and renaming it over the old file if the context is exited without an error. If the target file is a symlink or a hardlink, this will not be preserved: it will be replaced by a new regular file.
On Windows, there is a small chink in the atomicity: the target file is deleted before renaming the temporary file over it. This appears to be unavoidable.
path : str
text : bool, optional
encoding : str, optional
Raw print to sys.__stdout__, otherwise identical interface to print().
Raw print to sys.__stderr__, otherwise identical interface to print().
Get a wrapper to write unicode to stdout/stderr as UTF-8.
This ignores environment variables and default encodings, to reliably write unicode to stdout or stderr.