IPython provides a rich architecture for interactive computing with:

  • A powerful interactive shell.
  • A kernel for Jupyter.
  • Support for interactive data visualization and use of GUI toolkits.
  • Flexible, embeddable interpreters to load into your own projects.
  • Easy to use, high performance tools for parallel computing.
IPython clients

To get started with IPython in the Jupyter Notebook, see our official example collection. Our notebook gallery is an excellent way to see the many things you can do with IPython while learning about a variety of topics, from basic programming to advanced statistics or quantum mechanics.

To learn more about IPython, you can download our talks and presentations, or read our extensive documentation. IPython is open source (BSD license), and is used by a range of other projects; add your project to that list if it uses IPython as a library, and please don’t forget to cite the project.

IPython supports Python 2.7 and 3.3 or newer. Our older 1.x series supports Python 2.6 and 3.2.

Jupyter and the future of IPython

IPython is a growing project, with increasingly language-agnostic components. IPython 3.x was the last monolithic release of IPython, containing the notebook server, qtconsole, etc. As of IPython 4.0, the language-agnostic parts of the project: the notebook format, message protocol, qtconsole, notebook web application, etc. have moved to new projects under the name Jupyter. IPython itself is focused on interactive Python, part of which is providing a Python kernel for Jupyter.


  • IPython 5.0: The release of IPython 5.0 brings a major revision of the terminal interface, including syntax highlighting as you type and better multiline editing, thanks to the prompt_toolkit library. See the release notes for more about the new features.
  • Book: Cyrille Rossant has published the second edition of the IPython minibook: Learning IPython for Interactive Computing and Data Visualization, for which Damian Avila was a technical reviewer. We thank Packt Publishing for donating a portion of the proceeds from this book to support IPython’s development.
  • IPython 4.0: We are pleased to announce the availability of IPython 4.0, aka The Big Split, splitting the monolithic IPython repo into smaller subpackages.
  • Book: Cyrille Rossant has published the IPython Interactive Computing and Visualization Cookbook, an advanced-level guide to IPython for data science, and the sequel of his previous book on IPython. We thank Packt Publishing for donating a portion of the proceeds from this book to support IPython’s development.
  • O’Reilly Book: Mining the Social Web is an open source data science project and book that features nearly 130 examples with IPython Notebook and a Vagrant-powered virtual machine environment. You can preview all of the example notebooks from its GitHub repository on IPython’s Notebook Viewer here.

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Citing IPython

Several of the authors of IPython are connected with academic and scientific research, so it is important for us to be able to show the impact of our work in other projects and fields.

If IPython contributes to a project that leads to a scientific publication, please acknowledge this fact by citing the project. You can use this ready-made citation entry.